Atferdsanalyse


Atferdsanalytiske ord og begreper

En liten, forhåpentlig kortfattet og konsis (men jeg advarer, ikke alltid min sterke side :D) oversikt over sentrale ord og begreper innen atferdsanalysen. Oversikten er på ingen måte uttømmende, og vil i stor grad basere seg på notater og pensumlitteratur fra Bachelor i Læringspsykologi ved HiOA samt Masterprogrammet Læring i Komplekse Systemer samme sted. Jeg beklager manglende linjeskift innad i oppføringene. Er på utkikk etter funksjonell programvare som tillater dette.

Om du savner noe eller ikke finner det du leter etter – send meg en mail, eller kom tilbake en annen dag. Siden blir fortløpende oppdatert.

En aldri så liten disclaimer er på sin plass: Det kan ha gått fort i svingene til tider. Må innrømme at det hender rett som det er…. Så stusser du over definisjoner eller forklaringer; konferer med annen litteratur eller et orakel nær deg. Finner du regelrette feil, upresise opplysninger eller mangler setter jeg stor pris på tilbakemeldinger (jada, fra deg også Rasmi 😉 ). Enjoy!

 

Lyst til å bidra?
Jeg linker gjerne til siden din, eller du kan få publisere her. Send en mail til karoline@operant.no
Psst! Sjekk også ut andres ordbøker ved å ta en titt på Ordbøker under Ressurser.

 

 

 

All | # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
There are 2 names in this directory beginning with the letter C.
Context
“Context: the constant features of a situation, such as the chamber in which an operant session occurs. Experimental contextst acquire behavioral function because they are embedded in the still larger contexts that include the experimental session” (Catania, 2013, p. 434). “Context for conditioning. Refers to the ontogenic and phylogenetic histories of an organism, including its current physiological status as well as contextual events or stimuli that are present when conditioning occurs” (Pierce & Cheney, 2008, p. 344) “Context of behavior. Refers to the fact that environment-behavior relationships are always conditional-depending on other circumstances” (Pierce & Cheney, 2008, p. 344)

Contingency
“Contingency: in the operant case, the conditions under which a response produces a consequence. For example, in an FI, the reinforcer is contingent on a response of a given force, topography, etc., as well as on the passage of time. An organism is said to come into contact with a contingency when its behavior produces some consequences of the contingency. Sudies of reinforcement schedules analyze contingencies and their effects, as when contingencies of reinforcemet for various IRTs in VI and VR schedules are compared. In this most general usage, contingencies describe any relation, whether completely specified in a procedure or incidental and perhaps fortuitous consequence of them. In a more specific sense, contingencies are the conditional probabilities relating some events (e.g., responses) to others (e.g., stimuli). When responses produce reinforcers, the contingent relation is defined by two conditional probabilities: probability of the reinforcer (1) given a response and (2) given no response. Without both probabilities specified, the contingent relations cannot be distinguished from the incidental temporal contiguities of responses and reinforcers that occur independently over time. Response-reinforcer relations involve two terms, but when correlated with discriminative stimuli they produce a three-term-contingency. Conditional discriminations add a fourth term, and so on for other contingency relations of various orders of complexity. When applied to respondent cases, contingency refers to conditions under which some stimuli are followed by others. By analogy to the operant case, stimulus-stimulus contingencies expressed as conditional probabilities specify conditions more completely than descriptions in terms of temporal contiguities, and distinguish cases in which two stimuli always occur together from those in which they are frequently paired but also occur independently. Stimuli correlated with stimulus-stimulus contingencies, sometimes called occasion setters, may enter into three-term or higher-order relations” (Catania, 2013, pp. 434-435).